The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admission in the United States. Introduced in 1926, its name and scoring have changed several times; originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, it was later called the Scholastic Assessment Test, then the SAT I: Reasoning Test, then the SAT Reasoning Test, and now, simply the SAT.

Owners of SAT: The SAT is owned and published by the College Board, a private, not-for-profit Corporation in the United States. It is developed and administered on behalf of the College Board by the Educational Testing Service. The test is intended to assess students’ readiness for college.

Purpose of SAT: SAT scores/grades are mostly used by Universities and Colleges in US offering Undergraduate programs.

On March 5, 2014, the College Board announced that a redesigned version of the SAT would be administered for the first time in 2016.The current SAT, introduced in 2016, takes three hours to finish, plus 50 minutes for the SAT with essay. Scores on the SAT range from 400 to 1600, combining test results from two 800-point sections: mathematics, and critical reading and writing. Taking the SAT, or its competitor, the ACT is required for freshman entry to most of the universities in the United States

TYPE OF TEST: It is a Paper and Pencil based standardized test.

Fees for SAT: As of 2017 costs US$45 (US$57 with the optional essay), excluding late fees, with additional processing fees if the SAT is taken outside the United States. (For Indian students it is $49 additional processing fees for SAT outside of US)

Link for fees details: Click Here (courtesy: collegeboard.com)

Redesign SAT: SAT has been redesigned for the first time in eleven years. The SAT test was redesigned in March 2016, while the PSAT launched in October, 2015. The test has been redesigned to more accurately assess student preparedness for the demands of collegiate academics. Old SAT was administered for the last time in January 2016, with some good news to students with no negative marking for wrong answers as Old SAT had few chinks in the armor for students especially getting negative marks ¼ for wrong answers.

REGISTRATION LINK FOR SAT: Click Here (courtesy: collegeboard.com)

With this Information, you will be able to analyze the requirement of SAT score in your preferred colleges. Good SAT score even helps in seeking scholarships and financial aids for the entire study program

Structural changes to the SAT with comparison to Old SAT


 OLD SAT scale 600-2400NEW SAT scale 400-1600
Required SectionsThree required sections
Critical Reading : 200-800
Writing : 200-800
Math : 200-800
Evidence-Based Reading and Writing : 200-800
Reading Test
Writing and Language Test
Math : 200-800
Essay (optional)
Essay Length25 minutes / required50 minutes / required
Essay ScoringScored as part of the writing sectionReceives three scores (reading, analysis, and writing) ranging from 2-8. 1-4 points are given by 2 scorers (scores for each dimension are added)
Total Exam TimeAround 4 hours3 hours without essay
3 hours 50 minutes with essay
ScoringHighest possible score is 2400, which includes essayTotal score (400–1600)

2 section scores (200–800)
3 test scores (10–40)
7 sub-scores (1–15)
2 cross-test scores
Calculator Calculator permitted throughout Math sectionMath section includes some no-calculator segments
Incorrect Answers¼ – point penalty for incorrect answers on multiple choice questionsNo point deduction for incorrect answers
Testing FormatSAT delivered on paper onlySAT available with paper and pencil and college board announced that computer based test is forthcoming.




EssayEssay requires students to form their own argument.
No fact based evidence is necessary
Essay is optional. Essay requires students to evaluate an existing argument through analysis and presentation of evidence (from the passage)
VerbalPassage-based questions do not require students to showPassage-based questions require student to be able to cite specific evidence in test to support answer choice (“new question type”)
work Students aren’t asked to identify evidence to support an answerStudents will be asked to locate evidence in a passage that best validates the answer to a previous question
Reading passages draw from a limited number of academic disciplinesReading passages focus on “Founding Documents”
Vocabulary tested includes obscure words and meaningsVocabulary tested relates to “relevant words in context”. Words are widely used in college and professional life and have multiple meanings depending on the context
Critical Reading and Writing include no graphical informationEvidence-based Reading and Writing includes graphs and tables for science and social studies passages
MathMath section is a survey of varying levels of high school mathMath section focused on algebra, geometry, fundamentals and some advanced math concepts such as trigonometry



Courtesy: Collegereadiness.collegeboard.org